Khwaja Ghulam Farid

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Khwaja Ghulam Farid
خواجہ غُلام فرید
Bornc. 1841 (2023-11-27UTC15:41)
Chachran, Bahawalpur, British India (present-day Punjab, Pakistan)
Died24 July 1901 (1901-07-25) (aged 59)
Chachran, Bahawalpur, British India (present-day Punjab, Pakistan)
Resting placeMithankot, Punjab, Pakistan
Notable workDiwan-e-Farid
Fawaid Faridia

Khwaja Ghulam Farid (also romanized as Fareed; c. 1841 – 24 July 1901) was a 19th-century's Seraiki Sufi poet. He belonged to the Chishti Order and was a mystic from Bahawalpur, Punjab during the British Raj.[1] He was originally from Thatta, Sindh.[2] A contemporary of Mast Tawakali and Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, he penned resistance through poetry against the British colonial rule.

Early life[edit]

Born in c. 1841. Farid's mother died when he was four years old and he was orphaned around the age of eight when his father, Khwaja Khuda Bakhsh, died. He was then brought up by his elder brother, Khwaja Fakhr-ud-Din, also known as Khwaja Fakhr Jehan Sain, and grew up to become a scholar and writer.

Sadeq Mohammad Khan III Nawab of Bahawalpur took Farid to his palace at Ahmedpur East for his religious education by a scholar, when he was 8 years old. His brother Fakhr-ud-Din, who had brought him up after his parents' deaths, also died when Farid was 28 years old. Farid then left for the Cholistan Desert (also known as Rohi) for chilla (retreat) where he lived for 18 years. Most of his work includes mentioning of the beauty of this place.

Farid performed hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) in 1876.


His most significant works include:

  • Diwan-e-Farid
  • Manaqabe Mehboobia (in Persian prose)
  • Fawaid Faridia (in Persian prose)
Tomb of Ghulam Farid at Mithankot

In his poetry, he frequently uses the symbolism of a desert. Namely, he discusses how beautiful the desert is and how it attracted him to stay there for 18 years and how he believed that made him feel close to Muhammad. His work however does also include slightly touching the topic of political affairs, opposing the British rule in Bahawalpur state, writing a letter to the Nawab of Bahawalpur and also mentioning it in some of his poetry.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Suvorova, Anna (22 July 2004). Muslim Saints of South Asia: The Eleventh to Fifteenth Centuries (Islamic calendar). Routledge. p. 82. ISBN 1134370059 – via Google Books. ...the Sufi poetry that was summed up by the Punjabi poet-mystic Khwaja Ghulam Farid (1841–1901) in one of his kāfī...
  2. ^ Asghar, Muhammad (2016). The Sacred and the Secular: Aesthetics in Domestic Spaces of Pakistan/Punjab. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 92. ISBN 978-3-643-90836-0. This saint originally belonged to Thatta (Sindh), and is buried in Mithankot, a small town on the right bank of the river Indus. Khwaja Ghulam Farid (1841-1901) is the most famous Chishti Sufi saint in Pakistan and particularly revered in Southern Punjab where Seraiki language is spoken. He composed many mystical lyrics in the Seraiki language.
  3. ^ PAL announces National Literary Awards Academy of the Punjab in North America website, Published 10 August 2007, Retrieved 15 April 2020
  4. ^ Sumayia Asif (2 November 2015). "10 most visited shrines in Pakistan". The Express Tribune (newspaper). Retrieved 28 April 2022.

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